جهت دسترسی به کاربرگه ی زیر، از این لینک استفاده کنید. http://78.39.227.9/handle/Hannan/17185
Title: Rise of human intelligence: Comments on Howard (1999)
Authors: Gobet, F;Campitelli, G;Waters, AJ
Keywords: Intelligence;Chess;Expertise;Flynn's effect;Howard;Intelligence rise;Visuo-spatial intelligence;IQ;Skill;Coaching;Practice;Deliberate practice;Chess programs;Chessbase;Coaching;Kasparov;Krogius;Environment
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Elsevier
Description: Based upon the evidence that the best chessplayers in the world are becoming increasingly represented by relatively young individuals, Howard (1999) claimed that human intelligence is rising over generations. We suggest that this explanation has several difficulties, and show that alternative explanations relating to changes in the chess environment, including increased access to chess knowledge, offer better explanations for the increased presence of young players at top-level chess.
URI: Intelligence, 30: 303-311
http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/620195/description#description
http://bura.brunel.ac.uk/handle/2438/788
Appears in Collections:Dept of Life Sciences Research Papers

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