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|Title:||Mapping the cortical representation of the lumbar paravertebral muscles|
|Authors:||O'Connell, NE;Maskill, DW;Cossar, J;Nowicky, AV|
|Keywords:||Cortical representation; Lumbar paravertebral muscles; Transcranial magnetic stimulation; Supplementary motor area|
|Description:||Objective: The aim of this study was to map the cortical representation of the lumbar spine paravertebral (LP) muscles in healthy subjects. Methods: Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was employed to map the cortical representations of the LP muscles at two sites. Stimuli were applied to points on a grid representing scalp positions. The amplitude of motor evoked potentials (n = 6) was averaged for each position. Results: The optimal site for evoking responses in the contralateral LP muscles was situated 1 cm anterior and 4 cm lateral to the vertex. Ipsilateral responses were evoked from sites lateral to the optimal site for evoking contralateral responses. Contralateral responses were also obtained from areas anterior to the optimal site. Conclusions: Maps of these muscles can be produced. The results suggest discrete contra- and ipsilateral cortical projections. Anterior sites at which excitation can be evoked may indicate projections arising in the SMA are involved. Significance: This study provides normative data regarding the cortical representation of the paravertebral muscles and provides a technique for evaluating cortical motor plasticity in patients presenting with spinal pathologies.|
|URI:||Clinical Neurophysiology. 118(11): 2451-2455|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept of Clinical Sciences Research Papers|
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